Why is Sarajevo called the Jerusalem of Europe?

why is sarajevo called the jerusalem of europe

Welcome to Sarajevo, the exciting capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In this blog, we will talk about why people call Sarajevo the “Jerusalem of Europe.”

Let’s learn about what happened in the past. Sarajevo has a long and interesting history that started more than 500 years ago. The Ottomans started it in the 15th century. It was the main town in the Ottomans’ part of Bosnia.

Afterward, it was under the control of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. This caused big changes in the way the city looked and the culture of the people who lived there. In the 1900s, Sarajevo joined Yugoslavia. But later, Yugoslavia broke down, and the Bosnian War happened in the 1990s.

Sarajevo’s Religious Diversity

Sarajevo has many different religions, that’s very interesting. This place is where people who believe in Islam, Christianity, and Judaism live. Sarajevo is unique because it has a mosque, a synagogue, and a Catholic church in one area.

For a long time, the city has shown that people of different religions can live together in peace. Jewish people have lived in Sarajevo for a long time. They have been there since the 16th century. The first mosque was built in the city even earlier, in the 15th century. Most Christians in Sarajevo are Catholic. There are many churches in the city.

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The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

The killing of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 was a very important thing that happened in the world’s history. Many people believe it was the cause of World War I starting.

A man named Gavrilo Princip shot the Archduke and his wife on a bridge in Sarajevo called the Latin Bridge. It was a bad thing that happened. This thing caused really big changes. It made some empires fall and changed how the world works.

The Siege of Sarajevo

In the 1990s, there was a war in Bosnia. Sarajevo was trapped for 1,425 days. It was the longest time a city was under attack in recent history. The attack caused a lot of damage and many people died.

Even though there was a war and a blockade, the city still had different religions and important cultural things. Sarajevo is a lively city that visitors come to see from different parts of the globe.

Why Is Sarajevo Called the “Jerusalem of Europe”?

Sarajevo is known as the “Jerusalem of Europe” because it has many different religions living together, just like Jerusalem. Its history is also very interesting. There is a town where people with different beliefs have been living together for a long time, even though they have had fights and struggles.

Sarajevo stands for being optimistic, strong, and living together peacefully. This city had many problems, but it still kept its special character and energy.


Q: Is Sarajevo safe for tourists?

A: Yes, Sarajevo is a safe city for tourists. However, as with any major city, you should take precautions to avoid pickpocketing and other petty crimes.

Q: What is the best time to visit Sarajevo?

A: The best time to visit Sarajevo is during the spring and fall when the weather is mild and the crowds are smaller.

Q: Can you visit Sarajevo’s historic sites?

A: You can visit Sarajevo’s historic sites, including the Latin Bridge, the Sarajevo Tunnel Museum, and the Gazi Husrev-beg Mosque. Many of these sites have been restored after the war and are open to visitors.

Q: What are some must-try foods in Sarajevo?

A: Sarajevo is known for its delicious cuisine, which is a blend of Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian influences. Some must-try foods include cevapi (grilled minced meat), burek (a savory pastry filled with meat or cheese), and baklava (a sweet pastry filled with nuts and honey).

Q: Is English widely spoken in Sarajevo?

A: While Bosnian is the official language of Sarajevo, English is widely spoken, especially in tourist areas.


Sarajevo is a city with a rich and complex history, and its religious diversity and resilience have earned it the title of the “Jerusalem of Europe.” Despite the conflicts and hardships it has faced, Sarajevo has managed to preserve its unique identity and spirit.

It is a city where different religions coexist and thrive, and where visitors can experience a unique blend of Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian influences. Sarajevo is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in history, culture, and religious diversity.

For you


  1. “Why is Sarajevo called the Jerusalem of Europe?” by Sarah Ahmed, The New Arab, https://english.alaraby.co.uk/features/why-sarajevo-called-jerusalem-europe
  2. “Sarajevo: The Jerusalem of Europe” by Jack Davidson, CNN Travel, https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/sarajevo-jerusalem-of-europe/index.html
  3. “Sarajevo – the Jerusalem of Europe” by Monika Adamczyk-Garbowska, The First News, https://www.thefirstnews.com/article/sarajevo-the-jerusalem-of-europe-8586

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